O dia fica marcado pela entrega do Prémio Nobel da Literatura à jornalista bielorrussa Svetlana Aleksievich, “pela sua escrita polifónica, um monumento ao sofrimento e coragem do nosso tempo”. Entre 1904 e 2015, o Prémio Nobel da Literatura foi entregue 105 vezes a 112 nomes sonantes da cultura.

Confira ano a ano quem foram os outros galardoados.

Belarus writer and journalist Svetlana Alexievich leaves after giving a press conference in Minsk, on October 8, 2015, following the announcement of her Nobel Literature Prize earlier in the day. Belarussian writer Svetlana Alexievich said on October 8 she was dedicating her Nobel prize for literature to her homeland -- where her books cannot be published -- blasting strongman rule there and in neighbouring Russia. AFP PHOTO / MAXIM MALINOVSKY (Photo credit should read MAXIM MALINOVSKY/AFP/Getty Images)

Svetlana Aleksievich. Créditos: MAXIM MALINOVSKY/AFP/Getty Images

 

  • 2015 – Svetlana Aleksievich
  • 2014 – Patrick Modiano
  • 2013 – Alice Munro
  • 2012 – Mo Yan
  • 2011 – Tomas Tranströmer
  • 2010 – Mario Vargas Llosa
  • 2009 – Herta Müller
  • 2008 – Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
  • 2007 – Doris Lessing
  • 2006 – Orhan Pamuk
  • 2005 – Harold Pinter
  • 2004 – Elfriede Jelinek
  • 2003 – John M. Coetzee
  • 2002 – Imre Kertész
  • 2001 – Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
  • 2000 – Gao Xingjian
  • 1999 – Günter Grass
  • SAN SEBASTIAN, SPAIN - SEPTEMBER 29: Portuguese nobel Prize winner and official juror for the San Sebastian Film Festival Jose Saramago poses on September 29, 2006 San Sebastian, Spain. (Photo by Ander Gillenea/Getty Images)

José Saramago. Créditos: Ander Gillenea/Getty Images

  • 1998 – José Saramago
  • 1997 – Dario Fo
  • 1996 – Wislawa Szymborska
  • 1995 – Seamus Heaney
  • 1994 – Kenzaburo Oe
  • 1993 – Toni Morrison
  • 1992 – Derek Walcott
  • 1991 – Nadine Gordimer
  • Octavio Paz, writer (Photo by Pepe Franco/Cover/Getty Images)

    Octavio Paz. Créditos: Pepe Franco/Cover/Getty Images

  • 1990 – Octavio Paz
  • 1989 – Camilo José Cela
  • 1988 – Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1987 – Joseph Brodsky
  • 1986 – Wole Soyinka
  • 1985 – Claude Simon
  • 1984 – Jaroslav Seifert
  • 1983 – William Golding
  • Nobel Literature prize-winning writer and journalist, Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez, waves while coming out from his house to meet the press during his 87th birthday, in Mexico City, on March 6, 2014. AFP PHOTO / Yuri CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Créditos: YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images

PUB • CONTINUE A LER A SEGUIR

  • 1982 – Gabriel García Márquez
  • 1981 – Elias Canetti
  • 1980 – Czeslaw Milosz
  • 1979 – Odysseus Elytis
  • 1978 – Isaac Bashevis Singer
  • 1977 – Vicente Aleixandre
  • 1976 – Saul Bellow
  • 1975 – Eugenio Montale
  • 1974 – Eyvind Johnson e Harry Martinson
  • 1973 – Patrick White
  • 1972 – Heinrich Böll
  • 18th January 1952: Chilean poet Pablo Neruda (1904 - 1973) arriving in Capri after receiving permission to stay in Italy. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

    Pablo Neruda. Créditos: Keystone/Getty Images

  • 1971 – Pablo Neruda
  • 1970 – Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn
  • 1969 – Samuel Beckett
  • 1968 – Yasunari Kawabata
  • 1967 – Miguel Angel Asturias
  • 1966 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon e Nelly Sachs
  • 1965 – Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov
  • 1st December 1969: French writer and existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre pauses for thought during a speech in Paris on Vietnam War crimes. (Photo by Reg Lancaster/Express/Getty Images)

    Jean-Paul Sartre. Créditos: Reg Lancaster/Express/Getty Images

  • 1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre
  • 1963 – Giorgos Seferis
  • 1962 – John Steinbeck
  • 1961 – Ivo Andric
  • 1960 – Saint-John Perse
  • 1959 – Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1958 – Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
  • 1957 – Albert Camus
  • 1956 – Juan Ramón Jiménez
  • 1955 – Halldór Kiljan Laxness
  • 1948: Author and journalist Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899 - 1961) (with his wife, Mary) on holiday in Stresa, Italy. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

    Ernest Hemingway. Créditos: Keystone/Getty Images

  • 1954 – Ernest Hemingway
  • 1953 – Winston Churchill
  • 1952 – François Mauriac
  • 1951 – Pär Fabian Lagerkvist
  • 1950 – Bertrand Russell
  • 1949 – William Faulkner
  • 1948 – Thomas Stearns Eliot
  • 1947 – André Gide
  • circa 1945: German born poet, essayist and Nobel Prizewinner for Literature in 1946 Hermann Hesse (1877 - 1962). Hesse became a Swiss citizen in 1923. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

    Hermann Hesse. Créditos: Keystone/Getty Images

  • 1946 – Hermann Hesse
  • 1945 – Gabriela Mistral
  • 1944 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen
  • Entre 1940 e 1943 – Não houve atribuição de prémio
  • 1939 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää
  • 1938 – Pearl Buck
  • 1937 – Roger Martin du Gard
  • 1936 – Eugene Gladstone O’Neill
  • 1935 – Não houve atribuição de prémio
  • 1934 – Luigi Pirandello
  • 1933 – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin
  • 1932 – John Galsworthy
  • 1931 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt
  • circa 1925: US novelist (Harry) Sinclair Lewis (1885 - 1951) on the balcony of the Adlon Hotel at Berlin. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

    Sinclair Lewis. Créditos: Keystone/Getty Images

  • 1930 – Sinclair Lewis
  • 1929 – Thomas Mann
  • 1928 – Sigrid Undset
  • 1927 – Henri Bergson
  • 1926 – Grazia Deledda
  • 1925 – George Bernard Shaw
  • 1924 – Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont
  • 1923 – William Yeats
  • 1922 – Jacinto Benavente
  • 1921 – Anatole France
  • 1920 – Knut Pedersen Hamsun
  • 1919 – Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler
  • 1918 – Não houve atribuição do prémio
  • 1917 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup e Henrik Pontoppidan
  • 1916 – Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam
  • Romain Rolland (1866 - 1944) French writer. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

    Romain Rolland. Créditos: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

  • 1915 – Romain Rolland
  • 1914 – Não houve atribuição do prémio
  • 1913 – Rabindranath Tagore
  • 1912 – Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann
  • 1911 – Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1910 – Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse
  • 1909 – Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf
  • 1908 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken
  • 1907 – Rudyard Kipling
  • 1906 – Giosuè Carducci
  • 1905 – Henryk Sienkiewicz
  • 1904 – Frédéric Mistral e José Echegaray y Eizaguirre
  • 1903 – Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson
  • 1902 – Theodor Mommsen
  • 1901 – Sully Prudhomme
Sully_Prudhomme,_René-François-Armand,_BNF_Gallica

Sully Prudhomme. Créditos: Wikimedia Commons